Often times, as a house ages and settles, entrance doors and even doors leading into each of the rooms of the house start to rub on the tops, bottoms, and or sides of their frames.
I’ve been called upon many times over the years to fix this problem.
Most people have no idea that the fix in many cases is so simple.
In the worst cases, the doors have to be taken down and then cut to fit the new shape of the opening, but….
Very often, the only problem is that the screws holding the hinges in place have loosened up. This can usually be corrected by inserting a larger screw.
This can also be corrected by shoving a piece of wood or 1/8 wooden dowel rod into the screw hole and reinserting the screws. This should be the first choice over using a larger screw as larger screws sometimes actually interfere with the hinge operation. (Never use a lag screw as the head on lag screws will definitely interfere with the hinge operation.)
In homes where the settling is a little more severe, the rubbing can be corrected by adjusting the hinges.
You could cut your 2 or 3 or 4 pieces individually, but then you have to be able to keep them all together as you put them in place..
It’s easier to make them all one piece…use your utility knife and score every other piece on opposite sides so you can fold them like an accordion. (Sorry no pic.) The reason you need to score the cardboard is that scoring makes the cardboard fold much more easily. The thicker your cardboard, the more important this becomes…
The whole purpose of this is to move the hinge pin right or left. Working on the top or bottom hinge will move the door accordingly. You can move the pin towards the hinge side or the latch side as needed to fix your problem.
Click on the next four drawings to get a better idea of how shimming the hinge will move the hinge pin and thus the door.
Moving the hinge pin moves the door in the jamb accordingly.
You can either work on the frame hinge plate or the door hinge plate. (Or both.) In the two pics in this post, I am working on the same hinge of the same door to get the desired pin movement. In this pic, the shimming (on the right side of hinge plate.) will cause the door to move in the jamb toward the hinge pin.
(The screws have not been re-tightened yet in the pics.)
This is not full proof, but it works 90% of the time.
Sometimes you have to shim all the hinges in opposite directions to get the desired movement.
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